A cartilage defect is an area of damaged cartilage. The cause of a cartilage defect can be due to trauma, osteonecrosis, osteochondritis, and other conditions.
Knee arthritis is a condition that causes damage to our joints and the cartilage that helps the knees to function normally.
Patients who underwent isolated medial patellofemoral ligament reconstruction maintained outcomes at 5 years with low recurrent instability rates and high return to sport rates, according to results presented here.
About half of patients who underwent 6 months of nonoperative management for isolated posterior glenohumeral instability required arthroscopic stabilization, according to a presentation.
Shoulder pain can range from mild to severe and can come on suddenly or build up over time. Shoulder pain causes include fractures, tissue inflammation or tears, joint or ligament instability, and arthritis.